The principles of open access publishing of the University of Oulu describe the general principles and prerequisites for the publishing activity of the university personnel and publications of the university based on the Recommendations to research organizations from the National Coordination Group for Open Science (in Finnish).
Publishing research results in the form of an article in a scientific publication is an established practice in most disciplines.
Traditionally subscribers, e.g. research organisations, have paid submission fees to the publishers and received reading permissions to the articles published in a given journal. However, a common goal is to guarantee free and unrestricted access to all publicly funded science to all. Hence in new funding models the costs of publishing are shifted away from readers elsewhere and articles of the journals are freely accessible. In this so-called open access publishing model it is usually the funding agency of the research project or the organisation to which the resarcher is affiliated who pays the publication costs.
New innovative publishing platforms and peer-to-peer networks used by researchers on the internet together with the demands of open science are further transforming the traditional model of scientific publishing.
From 2021, the funding model of the Ministry of Culture and Education rewards open access publishing with a coefficient of 1.2 for open access publications. A publication is considered open access if it is published open access in an open access or hybrid journal or made open access by self-archiving.