Accessibility means the consideration of human diversity in digital services. In other words, it corresponds to accessibility in the physical world. In Finland, accessibility is required also by the Act on the Provision of Digital Services, which applies to the online content and services produces by universities and other authorities. The law applies to certain public digital documents produced by students, particularly theses, which are submitted in the Laturi system.

Finalizing your thesis

Follow your degree programme’s guidelines for thesis content and layout.

The entire thesis must be in a single file. Check in the instructions provided by your degree programme whether you need to include a summary in the thesis. The title page must also be included in the same file as the rest of the thesis. Laturi will not alter the file in any way; for example the title page and the abstract are not automatically generated.

For submission to Laturi, all work comprising the thesis, including the title page, must be compiled into a single file.

Contact information and guidance

Laturi helpdesk:

Urkund helpdesk:

Accessibility FAQ

To make a PDF document accessible, you must first make the original Word document accessible and then convert it into PDF/A format using the appropriate procedure. A correctly saved PDF document contains all of the structures included in the Word document, which, for example, a visually impaired person can utilise to read the document using a screen reader.


At least the following should be taken into consideration in accessible Word documents:

  • The file structure (headings, paragraphs, lists) is created using the Styles menu, not, for example, by changing the font size.
  • The font is sufficiently large and intelligible (at least 12 pt), while the contrast between the font and background is sufficient and the text is aligned to the left.
  • Images have text alternatives that describe the image content to those unable to see the images.
  • Tables are created with the table tool of Word or Excel, and they contain a header row.
  • The language and title (not the same as file name) of the document are assigned in the properties.
  • Accessibility is ensured using Word’s Check Accessibility function.

Detailed and illustrated instructions for creating accessible documents are available on the website (in Finnish only).

Finalizing your thesis FAQ

How can I get the page numbering to start on another page besides page 1?

Do as follows (instructions for MS Word):

  • go to the page on which you wish the new page numbering to begin
  • select Page Layout -> Breaks -> Continuous
  • click Header ja Footer aktiiviseksi -> klikkaa Link to Previous deaktiiviseksi
  • select Insert -> Page Numbers -> Format Page Numbers -> Start at 1 (2, 3...)
  • select Insert -> Page Number

How do I insert a title page that is in the PDF format into my thesis?

There are many different ways to do this. You can for example use the PDF-XChange program available on workstations in the computer classrooms maintained by IT Administration Services as follows:

  • open PDF-Tools
  • select Split/Merge -> Start
  • select Add to add the files you want to merge. You can change their order with the arrows.
  • select Next -> All Pages To One Document
  • click Next until you are asked for Destination Folder and File Name; enter them
  • select Process
  • the document is saved in the folder you have chosen

You can also use Adobe Acrobat 9 Pro to combine pdf-files. Adobe Acrobat 9 Pro is available on workstations in the computer classrooms maintained by IT Administration Services.

  • open Adobe Acrobat 9 Pro
  • select Combine -> Merge Files into a Single PDF
  • select Add Files and arrange them by using Move up/Move down -buttons
  • select Combine Files
  • the document is saved in the folder you have chosen