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History and culture: Scientific
writing

Help in information searching

Referencing electronic resources

Electronic citations require much of the same information as print sources, but also provide the location of an online source:

1. Permanent identifier, etc. DOI, URN, Handle, or permalink.
Search for DOI:

2. Reference to web archive, Internet Archive or Memento, either existing version or version archived by you.

3. Avoid using the URL.

Source and more information in Finnish: Hakala, J. (2017). E-viittaamisen ihanuus ja kurjuus. Informaatiotutkimus, 36(2), s. 77–85. https://doi.org/10.23978/inf.65190

RefWorks

uusirefworks

RefWorks is an online tool to manage your references.

Using RefWorks you can:
- create a personal database for storing records
- insert citations while writing
- create a bibliography
- share information with other researchers

New RefWorks guides:
- New RefWorks
- New RefWorks YouTube Channel

Legacy RefWorks guides:
- Introduction to RefWorks
- RefWorks YouTubeChannel

Entering citation information manually into RefWorks

Articles in edited works are rarely found in databases. You have to add the citation information into RefWorks manually or you can edit book details:

1a. Complete the book article entry manually (Create new reference). Or:
1b. Export a book record to RefWorks and edit it (Edit).
2. Select the reference type (Ref Type) = Book Section.
3. Enter information in the fields displayed:
- Title = article title
- Authors = author name(s) (Last name, First name)
- Publish Date = publication year of the book
- Editors = book editor name(s) (Last name, First name)
- Book Title = book title
- Pages = page numbers of the article *
- Publisher = book publisher
- Place of Publication = publication place of the book.
4. Save reference (Save).
* Press the Alt key and enter 0150 on the numeric keypad to create a dash between numbers.

Finalized bachelor's / master's thesis

Research methods

Good scientific practice

Copyright