Publishing research results in the form of an article in a scientific publication is an established practice in most disciplines.
Traditionally subscribers, e.g. research organisations, have paid submission fees to the publishers and received reading permissions to the articles published in a given journal. However, a common goal is to guarantee free and unrestricted access to all publicly funded science to all. Hence in new funding models the costs of publishing are shifted away from readers elsewhere and articles of the journals are freely accessible. In this so-called open access publishing model it is usually the funding agency of the research project or the organisation to which the resarcher is affiliated who pays the publication costs.
New innovative publishing platforms and peer-to-peer networks used by researchers on the internet together with the demands of open science are further transforming the traditional model of scientific publishing.
Open access publishing refers to the free dissemination of scientific knowledge. A scientific publication is openly accessible when both the scholarly community and the general public have free and unrestricted access to it on the Internet.
Open access publishing increases the visibility, use and impact of publications.
There are different ways authors can provide open access to their article:
In open access publishing the author retains the copyright when the publication has an open license.