Open access publishing and self-archiving

Authors hold the copyright

Pursuant to the legislation currently in force in Finland (Copyright Act 8.7.1961/404) the creator of a literary or artistic work holds the copyright to it. This applies also in cases where the creator has created the work while being employed by a certain organisation, e.g. a university, and additional agreements have not been made during the creation of the work. If there is more than one creator, all of the creators of the work in question (article, publication etc.) hold the copyright to it.

Seld-archiving an article in the open access repository of the University of Oulu has no bearing on the copyright of the author(s). Ownership of the copyright is not transferred to the repository, but remains with the author(s) and/or the original publisher.

Plan S Rights Retention Strategy (RRS)

cOAlition S has developed a Rights Retention Strategy to give researchers supported by a cOAlition S Organisation the freedom to submit manuscripts for publication to their journal of choice, including subscription journals, whilst remaining fully compliant with Plan S.

For further information, see the Coalition S website.

All you need to do is add the following sentence to the cover page or acknowledgements of your submission to the journal: “A CC BY or equivalent licence is applied to the Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) arising from this submission.”

Permissions required for self-archiving

Co-authors of an article

It is advisable that the authors agree on self-archiving their article into the University of Oulu open access repository already at the writing stage.

Material under copyright of a third party

An article may also include material that is under copyright of a third party, for example illustrations and graphics. The author must obtain permission to publish such material online.

Permission from the journal and/or publisher that has published the article earlier

Oulu University Library will check the self-archiving permissions given by journals and publishers and deposit the articles in accordance with the terms and conditions into the Jultika repository.

Distributing publications in social media (e.g. ResearchGate,

Original publications distributed through different social media channels are protected by copyright. The researchers must take care of copyright issues when they share publications on social media sites. In many cases it is possible to check the copyright policies of journals and publishers in the SHERPA/RoMEO service or on the publishers' websites.

Why social networking sites (e.g. ResearchGate and are not open access repositories.

Creative Commons licenses

In the Open Access to Scholarly Publications : National Policy and Executive Plan by the Research Community in Finland for 2020-2025, it is recommended that researchers choose the CC-BY license for their scholarly publications when possible but other CC-licenses are also allowed if CC-BY is not possible.

The University of Oulu requires, in the disciplines where it is possible, researchers to choose channels that allow either CC-BY licensing for their publications or immediate self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of the article with a CC-BY license.

Creative Commons licenses:

CC BY = Attribution. The work can be copied, distributed, performed and modified freely, also for commercial purposes. The name of the author must always be mentioned properly and the name, photo or logo of the author cannot be changed and all changes have to be indicated. CC BY is the most popular license for open publishing and it is extremely effective in reaching a lot of readers or wider public.

CC BY-SA = Attribution-ShareAlike. The work can be copied, distributed, displayed, performed, and modified, as long it is distributed on the same terms. If the work is distributed or modified under other terms, permission for that must be obtained first.

CC BY-ND = Attribution-NoDerivatives. The work can be copied, distributed, displayed and performed, but the work cannot be modified in any way. Modifications of the work require a permission from the author/licensor.

CC BY-NC = Attribution-NonCommercial. The work can be copied, distributed, displayed, performed, and modified, but the work cannot be used commercially unless a permission is obtained from the author. It hasn’t been determined what commercial use is, so, the person using the works has to consider each case separately. For example, a work with this license cannot be shared in a commercial or advertise-funded blog, webpage or repository.

CC BY-NC-SA = Attribution-NoDerivatives-NonCommercial. The work can be copied, distributed, displayed, performed, and modified only for non-commercial purposes, as long it is distributed on the same terms.

CC BY-NC-ND = Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives. The work can be copied, distributed, displayed and performed, but the work cannot be modified in any way. In addition, it cannot be used for commercial purposes.

CC 0 = Public Domain. The author waives all interests that may exist in his or her work worldwide (good scientific conduct presupposes attribution, however).

See the Creative Commons website for instructions on choosing a license.

Open science and images